Basics of Electronics History of Electronics Electronics Terms Soldering in Electronics Electronic Circuits

Electronic PCB Assembly Machines & Tools

Electronic Components Electronic / Electrical Materials & Consumables Consumer Electronics Electronic Companies PCB
(Printed Circuit Board)
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What is Electronics?

Electronics is the branch of science that deals with the study of flow and control of electrons (electricity) and the study of their behavior and effects in vacuums, gases, and semiconductors, and with devices using such electrons. This control of electrons is accomplished by devices that resist, carry, select, steer, switch, store, manipulate, and exploit the electron.

Definition of Electronics: The branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices. Electronics refers to the flow of charge (moving electrons) through non-metal conductors (mainly semiconductors), whereas electrical refers to the flow of charge through metal conductors

Definition of Electrical:
relating to or concerned with electricity; "an electrical engineer"; "electrical and mechanical engineering industries"

Difference in “Electronics” and “Electrical”:

deals with flow of charge (electron) through non-metal conductors (semi-conductors).

Electrical deals with the flow of charge through metal conductors.

Example: Flow of charge through silicon which is not a metal would come under electronics whereas flow of charge through copper which is a metal would come under electrical.

Basic Rules of Electrical Circuit

* The current entering any passive circuit equals the current leaving it, regardless of the component configuration.
* Electricity can kill you!

Inside Electronicsandyou.com:

Basics of Electronics: In this section of this electronics website, we learn the basics of electronics including electronics circuits, PCB (Printed Circuit Board), Electronics Design, Laws of Electronics.

Electronics Definitions: Electronics is the branch of science that deals with the study of flow and control of electrons (electricity) and the study of their behavior and effects in vacuums, gases, and semiconductors, and with devices using such electrons.

Rules of Electrical Circuits: * A voltage of 1V across a resistance of 1 Ohm will cause a current flow of 1 Amp, and the resistor will dissipate 1 Watt (all as heat).

Wiring Symbols: There are many different representations for basic wiring symbols, and these are the most common.  The conventions I use for wires crossing and joining are marked with a star (*) - the others are a small sample of those in common use, but are fairly representative.  Many can be worked out from their position in the circuit diagram (schematic).
What is an electronic circuit? A circuit is a structure that directs and controls electric currents, presumably to perform some useful function. The very name "circuit" implies that the structure is closed, something like a loop.
Voltage: Voltage is something is a type of "pressure" that drives electrical charges through a circuit.
Bodies with
opposite charges attract, they exert a force on each other pulling them together. The magnitude of the force is proportional to the product of the charge on each mass.
Current: Charge is mobile and can flow freely in certain materials, called conductors. Metals and a few other elements and compounds are conductors. Materials that charge cannot flow through are called insulators. Air, glass, most plastics, and rubber are insulators, for example. And then there are some materials called semiconductors, that seemed to be good conductors sometimes but much less so other times. Silicon and germanium are two such materials. The flow of charge is called electrical current. Current is measured in amperes (a), amps for short (named after another French scientist who worked mostly with magnetic effects).
What is charge?  Charge may be defined as the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons. Charge comes in two forms, positive (+) , and  negative charge ( - ) .
Batteries: Charges can be separated by several means to produce a voltage. A battery uses a chemical reaction to produce energy and separate opposite sign charges onto its two terminals. As the charge is drawn off by an external circuit, doing work and finally returning to the opposite terminal, more chemicals in the battery react to restore the charge difference and the voltage. The particular type of chemical reaction used determines the voltage of the battery, but for most commercial batteries the voltage is about 1.5 V per chemical section or cell.
Resistors: A Resistor is an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current. It is a passive device used to control, or impede the flow of, electric current in an electric circuit by providing resistance, thereby developing a drop in voltage across the device. The value of a resistor is measured in ohms and represented by the Greek letter capital omega. Resistors usually have a brown cylindrical body with a wire lead on each end, and colored bands that indicate the value of the resistor.
Ohm’s Law: Ohm's law describes the relationship between voltage, V , which is trying to force charge to flow, resistance, R , which is resisting that flow, and the actual resulting current I .
Power: Power is the Electric energy produced per unit time.
Capacitors: In simple words, we can say that a capacitor is a device used to store and release electricity, usually as the result of a chemical action. Also referred to as a storage cell, a secondary cell, a condenser or an accumulator. A Leyden Jar was an early example of a capacitor.
Inductors: An inductor is an electrical device (typically a conducting coil) that introduces inductance into a circuit. An inductor is a passive electrical component designed to provide inductance in a circuit. It is basically a coil of wire wrapped around an iron core. simplest form an inductor is made up of a coil of wire. The inductance measured in henrys, is proportional to the number of turns of wire, the wire loop diameter and the material or core the wire is wound around.
Semiconductor devices: A conductor made with semiconducting material. Semiconductors are made up of a substance with electrical properties intermediate between a good conductor and a good insulator. A semiconductor device conducts electricity poorly at room temperature, but has increasing conductivity at higher temperatures. Metalloids are usually good semiconductors.
Silicon: Silicon, atomic number 14 on the periodic table, is a semiconducting material from which integrated circuits (computer chips of all types--processors, memory chips, etc.; CCDs; transistors; etc.) are created.

Silicon is one of the most common elements. Silicon is also the semiconductor material out of which almost all modern transistors are made.
Diodes: A Diode is an electronic device that allows current to flow in one direction only. It is a semiconductor that consists of a p-n junction. They are used most commonly to convert AC to DC, because they pass the positive part of the wave, and block the negative part of the AC signal, or, if they are reversed, they pass only the negative part and not the positive part.
Electronic Component name abbreviations: Here is a list of Electronic Component name abbreviations widely used in the electronics industry:

AE: aerial, antenna           B: battery          BR: bridge rectifier

Electronic Components and Parts: Electronic components are basic electronic element or electronic parts usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads. Some of the main Electronic Components are: resistor, capacitor, transistor, diode, operational amplifier, resistor array, logic gate etc.
History of Electronics: It is important to know the History of Electronics (technology) so students better understand their electronic gadgets they use everyday on an increasing bases. That is, cell phones, ATMs, calculators, cars, fax machines, computers, copiers, radios, TV, etc. To understand the interesting history of these electronic devices helps explain why science and technology are important, too. Without these technologies and electronics, our status in the world community would be diminished, therefore it is important to study the history of electronics, science and technology. In this section we learn about Electronics History from 1745 – 1996 and some of the great inventions by some greatest inventions and scientists of all times:
Inventions and Contribution of Cuneus and Muschenbrock to Electronics (Leyden jar)   Inventions and Contribution of Ben Franklin to Electronics (static electricity (ESD) )
Inventions and Contribution of Charles Augustus Coulomb to Electronics (torsion balance)   Inventions and Contribution of Count Alessandro Volta to Electronics (battery - Volt)
Inventions and Contribution of Hans Christian Oersted to Electronics (magnetic field - CGS)   Inventions and Contribution of André Marie Ampère to Electronics (electricity and magnetism)
Inventions and Contribution of George Simon Ohm to Electronics (Ohm's Law)   Inventions and Contribution of Michael Faraday to Electronics (electric motor, transformer)
Inventions and Contribution of Karl Friedrich Gauss and Wilhelm Eduard Weber to Electronics (CGS unit of magnetic field) (MKS unit of flux)   Inventions and Contribution of Joseph Henry to Electronics (electromagnets)
Inventions and Contribution of Heinrich F.E. Lenz to Electronics (electrodynamics)   Inventions and Contribution of Samuel Finley Breese Morse to Electronics (Morse code)
Inventions and Contribution of Gustav Robert Kirchhoff to Electronics (laws to calculate currents, voltages, and resistance of electrical networks)   Inventions and Contribution of James Clerk Maxwell to Electronics (theory of fields)
Inventions and Contribution of Hermann Lud-wig Ferdinand von Helmholtz to Electronics (electrodynamics)   Inventions and Contribution of Sir William Crookes to Electronics (Crookes tubes, radiometer)
Inventions and Contribution of Joseph Wilson Swan to Electronics (electric lamp)   Inventions and Contribution of Thomas Alva Edison to Electronics (incandescent bulb)
Inventions and Contribution of Oliver Heaviside to Electronics (Operational Calculus)   Inventions and Contribution of Heinrich Rudolph Hertz to Electronics (radio waves)
Inventions and Contribution of Nikola Tesla to Electronics (father of radio)   Inventions and Contribution of Charles Proteus Steinmetz to Electronics(mathematics of hysteresis loss)
Inventions and Contribution of Guglielmo Marconi to Electronics (father of wireless)   Inventions and Contribution of Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen to Electronics (X rays)
Inventions and Contribution of Sir Joseph John Thomson to Electronics (electron)   Inventions and Contribution of Albert Einstein to Electronics (photoelectric effect, Quantum Mechanics)
Inventions and Contribution of Sir John Ambrose Fleming to Electronics (diode tube)   Inventions and Contribution of Lee De Forest to Electronics (grid electrode)
Inventions and Contribution of Jack St. Clair Kilby to Electronics (integrated circuit)   Inventions and Contribution of Robert Norton Noyce to Electronics (Intel)
Inventions and Contribution of Seymour Cray to Electronics  (supercomputer)    
Terms Used in Electronics: In this section of :electronics and you", we learn Glossary and Definition of some of the Most Common Terms and definitions used in Electronics and Electronics Engineering. Some of the terms used in electronics are:
AC/DC-Alternating current or direct current RLC- Resistance-capacitance-inductance LED- Light emitting diode
CAD -Computer aided design MSI- Medium scale integrated circuit VT-Total voltage
L-C-R -Inductance-capacitance-resistance C -Capacitance or capacitor FET-Field effect transistor
RC- Resistance-capacitance, also Radio controlled CAM -Computer aided manufacture MOSFET -Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor

PCB (Printed Circuit Board) : Designing, Manufacturing and Assembly: A PCB (printed circuit board) or PC board is a piece of phenolic or glass-epoxy board with copper clad on one or both sides. It is also sometimes referred to as printed wiring board (PWB) or etched wiring board. A PCB assembled with electronic components is called printed circuit assembly (PCA), OR printed circuit board assembly (PCBA). Here we learn about  Printed circuit assembly,
Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Manufacturing Process, 
Patterning | Etching, Photoengraving, Lamination, Drilling, Solder Plating | Solder Resist, Silk Screen, Testing.

PCA ( Printed Circuit Assembly)     Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Manufacturing Process


Electronic Circuits - Basic Circuit Design and Schematic:  A Electronic Circuit may be defined as a collection of electronic elements that performs a prescribed function. An electronic circuit is an electrical circuit that also contains active electronic devices such as transistors or vacuum tubes. An electric circuit having at least one component that manipulates the voltage or current in the circuit. Electronic circuits are categorized as analog circuits , discrete circuits , or mixed-signal electronic circuit (a combination of analog and discrete). Now, let us understand each of these: Analog circuits , Series and Parallel Circuit, Discrete circuits, Mixed-signal circuits, Electronic Circuits Symbols. 

Analog circuits          Mixed-signal circuits          Discrete circuits


Electronic PCB Assembly Machines and Tools: Soldering iron, soldering station, wave soldering machines, pcb repair, rework, BGA rework, torque screwdriver, electronic tools, component cutting and forming tools, selective soldering etc. Let us discuss each of these in detail here: wave soldering, Soldering Station / Iron, Weller, Hakko, SMT Equipments, Torque Screwdrivers, Liquid Dispensers, Selective Soldering, Other Electronics Tools

Wave Soldering Machine          SMT Equipments and Machines          Selective Soldering Machine


Electronic components are basic electronic element or electronic parts usually packaged in a discrete form with two or more connecting leads or metallic pads. Electronic Components are intended to be connected together, usually by soldering to a printed circuit board (PCB), to create an electronic circuit with a particular function (for example an amplifier, radio receiver, oscillator, wireless). Some of the main Electronic Components are: resistor, capacitor, transistor, diode, operational amplifier, resistor array, logic gate etc. Here we learn: Passive and Active Electronic Components, Electronic Components and their functions in electronics and electrical, Electronic Component name abbreviations, Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of electronic components.

Electronic Component name abbreviations      Electronic Components and Parts Manufactures, Exporters and Suppliers    Batteries  Resistors  Capacitors   Inductors  Semiconductor devices
Silicon  Diodes


Electronic / Electrical Materials and Consumables: Here are details of all such consumable products for electronics industry and manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of products such as - Solder wire, Solder Bar, Solder Flux, Solder balls, ESD Products such as Anti-Static Solutions, Static Cleaning Products, Wrist Straps, Heal Straps, Static shielding bags, ESD Mats, PCB Repairing Products such as Flux pen, Conductive Pen, Overcoat Pen, Solder Mask, Heat Sinks, Hand Guard Lotions etc. 

* KESTER, U.S.A.-Germany-Singapore: Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of soldering materials including - solder wire, solder bar, solder paste, solder balls, solder performs, solder flux.

* TAG INTERNATIONAL INC., USA : Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of consumables for electronics industry including - Electrical Insulation/PCB Masking Tapes, Resins & Adhesives,  Wire, Cables, Sleeves & Tubes,  Teflon, Epoxy Glass,  Polyester Glass, Silicone, Shielding Laminates, all types of Electro-Mechanical, Passive & Power Electronic Components .

* ITW CHEMTRONICS INC., U.S.A: Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of electronic consumables for manufacturing and repair / rework. Products include: - Circuit Works Flux Dispensing Pens,  Circuit Works Overcoat Pen, Circuit Works Conductive Pen, Circuit Works Gold Guard Pen, Peelable Solder Mask, Soder Wick, Circuit Works Heat Sink Grease, Static Free Hand Guard Lotion and more.

* ACL INC., U.S.A.: Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of consumable products for the electronics industry including - Staticide  Anti – Stats Solutions, ESD Mat & Table Top Cleaner, ESD Hand Lotion, Static Dissipative Floor Finishing Systems, PCB Cleaning Products, Static Detection Meters, Static Control and Cleaning Wipes, Cleaning and Maintenance Products for Computer & Office Equipment and Industrial Applications and more.

* STATIC CONTROL COMPONENTS INC., U.S.A.: World's largest static control products manufacturer, supplier and exporter. Products include - Wrist Straps,  Foot Grounders, Static Shielding Bags, Moisture Barrier Bags, ESD Mats, Ground Cords, Humidity Indicator Cards, Vacuum Sealers etc.

* HELLERMANN TYTON PTE. LTD., Singapore: Hellermann Tyton is the leading manufacturer of products for the bundling, identification, protection, labelling and management of cables and wires. Products include - All types of Cable Ties & Tie Tensioning / Cutting Tools, Cable Ties Bases and Fixing Clips, Security Products, PVC / Teflon (PTFE) /Kynar Tubing etc.

* K S TERMINALS INC., Taiwan: Manufacturers, suppliers and exporters of - Non-Insulated Copper Terminals, Copper Tubular Lugs, Insulated Copper Terminals, Insulated Quick Disconnectors, DIN Terminals, Cord End Terminals, Water Proof Heat Shrinkable Terminals, Butt Splice & Other Connectors, Stainless Steel Tie, Wiring Accessories, JIS Terminals, Battery Modular Connectors  Tools, Continual Type Terminals and more.


Consumer Electronics: Consumer Electronics refers to electronic gadgets, devices and appliances that are user by a consumer in his day to day life.  Consumer Electronics include products like – Audio Systems, Video Systems, TV (Television), Computer, Laptop, Digital Camera, DVD Players, Home and Kitchen Appliances, GPS, Mobiles Phones etc.

Electronic Companies: (Manufacturers, Suppliers and Exporters): Here is the biggest list of Electronic Companies: Manufacturers, Suppliers and Exporters.
AMD Apple Cisco Systems Dell Emerson Radio
Hewlett-Packard IBM Intel Sun Microsystems Texas Instruments
Zenith Toshiba Zenith Casio Epson
Fujifilm Sharp Hitachi Sony Nikon
Panasonic Sanyo  Acer Gigabyte TCL
LG Philips Bharat Electronics Limited Siemens
Surface Mount Technology (SMT): In-depth tutorial on SMT by SMT Expert and SMT Solver including: What is Surface Mount Technology (SMT), Benefits and uses of SMT, Types of Surface Mounting in SMT, SMT Acronym, Abbreviation and Dictionary, SMT Equipment (Pick-and-Place Machine for SMT, Wave Soldering Equipment & Process, Reflow Soldering Equipment for SMT,  Solder Paste Screen Printer for SMT, Curing / Baking Oven for SMT, Solvent Cleaning in SMT, Repair and Inspection Equipment for SMT), SMD: Surface Mount Electronic Components for SMT and more.
Soldering: All about soldering including, hand soldering, thru-hole soldering, SMD soldering,  wave soldering selective soldering, RoHS, Lead-Free (Pb-Free), BGA Soldering and Rework, Desoldering, Solder Wire, Solder Flux, Solder Bar, Soldering Technology, How to Solder and more ...
Solar Energy: Read about solar energy including:
Solar Energy Solar Power Solar Photovoltaic Cells
Solar Battery Solar Lights Solar Photovoltaic Panels
Solar Products Solar Energy Companies Solar Panel Installation
Solar Water Heaters Solar Electricity Home Solar Panels

Energy Saving:

LED Light Bulbs - Energy Saving Led Light Bulbs for Home Lighting

LED lights for Party Decoration



Basics of Electronics History of Electronics Electronics Terms Soldering in Electronics Electronic Circuits

Electronic PCB Assembly Machines & Tools

Electronic Components Electronic / Electrical Materials & Consumables Consumer Electronics Electronic Companies PCB
(Printed Circuit Board)
Electronics Articles Electronics News Electronics Videos Electronics Images Electronics Q&A Solar Energy

Electronicsandyou.com explains the basics of electronics, history of electronics, terms used in Electronics, importance of Electronics, analog and digital electronics, electronics PCB assembly , machine and tools, electronics components, electronics / electrical materials and consumables, electronics PCB soldering equipments, wave soldering machines for electronics, SMT and BGA in electronics, dispensing systems for electronics industry, tools for electronics, electronic component forming and cutting machines, selective soldering systems for electronics PCB assembly and rework, electronic components including - Resistors, Capacitors, Thermistors, Inductors, Varistors, Diodes, SMD (Surface Mount Devices), terminals, connectors, disconnectors, heat shrink, soldering materials and consumables including - Solder Wire, Solder Bar, Solder Paste, Solder Balls, Soldering Flux, Insulation and Masking Materials, Laminates, Circuit Works Materials, ESD Control Materials including Anti-Static Solutions, Staticide Static Control and Cleaning Wipes, Surface Resistivity Meters, Ionizers, Wrist Straps, Heal Straps, ESD Bags, ESD Mat, Cable Ties and everything else for Electronics PCB manufacturing assembly and rework or repair.

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